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Rev. J. B. Reade (18011870): a Bibliography
Part 1, works written by Reade

Compiled and annotated by R. D. Wood

When the author’s essay on ‘J. B. Reade and the early history of photography’ was published in 1971, a ‘Bibliography of Joseph Bancroft Reade (1801–1870)’ had been prepared and was due (it could be said in a footnote to that publication) “to be published”. However, for one reason and another, this did not happen. A few items have been added in the intervening years. This bibliography has remained unpublished but a copy is held by the library of the Royal Society (RS library: Tracts X499/3). In developing this website it is appropriate to make it available here below in a database format.

The Bibliography is in two parts. First, the writings of Reade (items 1-110), those published during his lifetime and a small number of manuscripts. Secondly, published work by other persons and reports which mention Reade, during his lifetime, and work of a historical nature which has appeared from his death at the end of 1870 to today. That Part 2, of writings on Reade, is in the course of preparation as a webpage and will not appear until it reaches a definitive conclusion.

Here presented is the bibliography of his own writings. In a tabulated database layout, it is not suitable for viewing on screens of smart phones or even on smallest tablets (landscape orienation helps). It is best viewed here online at full screen width of a desktop, laptop, or large tablet. Column 10 provides a classification of the subject, or main subject, of the item. The classes are the subjects of microscopy or the microscope (Micro), photography (photo), optics, chemistry (Chem) , astronomy (Astron), antiquarian (Antiq), General or family matters (Gen), and his surviving manuscript material (MSS).

Provided on another page is an [index] to Reade’s published writings and manuscripts covered in this bibliography.

Item Author (as printed) Title Journal Day Month Year Vol. (No.)  Pages  Subject class Keywords Comment
1 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., of Caius College, Cambridge. On a New Method of illuminating Microscopic Objects. Appendix 2 of C. R. Goring and A. Pritchard’s, Micrographia; containing practical essays on reflecting, solar, oxy–hydrogen gas microscopes, micrometers, eyepieces &c. (London)     1837   227–31 Micro Optics; Microscope ; darkground ; oblique refracted light ; Goring, C. R. ; Pritchard, A. Letter dated ‘Peckham, Nov. 1836’. See also comment by A. Pritchard in Preface, p. vi. This communication was also reprinted in Annals of Electricity, March 1840, Vol 4: No. 23, 407–9
2a Rev. J. B. Reade. Communicated by J. G. Children, Esq., Sec. R. S. Observations and Experiments on the Solar Rays that occasion Heat; with the application of a remarkable property of these rays to the construction of the Solar and Oxy–hydrogen Gas Microscopes Proceedings of the Royal Society Vol. 3 (1830–1837), No. 28 (8 December 1836 – 16 March 1837) 22 Dec 1836 3(28) 457 Micro Optics ; Solar ; microscope ; light ; heat ; calorific rays ; lenses Read at Royal Society meeting 22 December 1836: ‘By the Rev. J. B. Reade. Communicated by J. G. Children, Esq, Sec.R.S.’. Also in Philosophical Magazine (3rd Series), March 1837, Vol. 10 (No. 60),219–20. See also Item 82
2b Rev. J. B. Reade. Autograph Manuscript dated 9 December 1836 of the above paper Royal Society, Archive Papers AP20.14 9 Dec 1836     MSS Wheatstone, Charles This paper received an adverse Referee’s Report by Charles Wheatstone: RR 1.193
3 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A. *Communicated by the Author On a Method of producing Achromatic Light in Solar and Oxy–hydrogen Microscopes, and on the Effect of a Current of Air upon the Rays that occasion Heat The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science (3rd Series)   March 1837 10 (60) 184–7 Micro Optics ; Melloni,M.; radiant heat ; light microscope ; lenses ; Clapeyron Communication dated ‘Peckham, Feb 10, 1837’
4 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A. *Communicated by the Author  On the Existence of Structure in the Ashes of Plants and their Analogy to the Osseous System in Animals Proceedings of the Royal Society (3rd Series)   July 1837 11 (64) 13–17, plate 1 Micro Animals Plants Ashes Incineration Silicification ; Henslow, J. S. ; Rigg, R. ; Ehrenberg, C. G. Communication dated‘Peckham, April 27, 1837’. The ‘note’ at end of the paper was quoted by G. A. Mantell, Wonders of Geology, 1st edit (1838), Vol. 2, pp.565–6 (& 7th edit. 1858, Vol 2, p. 716). See also Item 8 and first half of Item 9
5a Rev. Mr. Reade, of Peckham Roman Coin Moulds found at Lingwell–Gate, near Wakefield, 1820 Numismatic Journal (Vol. 2, June 1837–April 1838)     1837 2 58–9 Micro Roman Coin Moulds ; Wakefield ; Hey, John (curator, Leeds) ; Microscopy ;Infusoria ; Micro–fossils ; Naviculae ; Gaillonella Romano ;  Communication dated ‘Peckham June 15, 1837’, read at meeting that day of Numismatic Society. See further micro–geological investigation by Reade, item 13. John Hey paper about the Lingwell Gate finds of 1820 in Trans Phil Soc. Leeds, Vol 1, 80–90 (1837)
5b Rev. – Reade  On Roman Coin Moulds found at Lingwell Gate, near Wakefield, 1820 Athenaeum 11 Nov 1837 (524) 835 Micro Roman Coin Moulds ; Wakefield ; Hey, William (1772–1844)? ; Microscopy ; Infusoria; Micro–fossils ; Naviculae ; Gaillonella Romano ;  Above appears (in third person and editorial rewording) in the Athenaeum in third instalment of a delayed report (pp. 802, 818–9, 835–6) of Numismatic Society meeting of, it is said, ‘25 May 1837 (concluded)’. But obviously were of a later meeting.
6 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. An Inquiry into the Origin of the Solid Materials found in the Ashes of Plants, their structure and office during the period of life, and the effect of their subsequent addition in the crust of the earth Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1837     1837 Part 2 103–4 Micro Silica ; Coal ; Potash; Plants ; Infusoria ; Flint ; Granite ; Ehrenburg, C. G. Read before the Zoology and Botany section of the 7th meeting of the British Association held in Liverpool. ‘A series of more than thirty microscopical illustrations accompanied the paper’
7 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A.  On the Chemical Composition of Vegetable Membrane and Fibre*; with a Reply [letter to Prof. Lindley from Reade dated Peckham, Sept 18, 1837] to the Objections of Professor Henslow and Professor Lindley  Philosophical Magazine (3rd Series)   Nov 1837 11(69) 421–28 Micro Hyacinth ; Spiral vessels ; Plants structure; Microscope ; chemical analysis ; Henslow, J. S. ; Lindley J. ; Rigg, R. ; ‘*Read [by the Secretary] before Section D, Zoology and Botany, of the Seventh Meeting of the British Association held in Liverpool; and now communicated by the Author’. ‘Dated Peckham, Aug.28, 1837’. Also brief report in Athenaeum, 16 Sept. 1837, p. 684
8 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A. *Communicated by the Author  Further Observations on the Structure of the Solid Materials found in the Ashes of recent and Fossil Plants Philosophical Magazine (3rd Series)   Nov 1837 11 (69) 413–17 Micro Silica; Coal ; Potash ; Plant structure ; Biot, J–B. ; Henslow, J. S. ; Lindley J. ; Brown, R. ; Communication dated ‘Peckham, Oct. 2, 1837’. See also items 4 and 10. Criticised by M. J. Schlieden (1838, item [xx]), and J. Lindley, Introduction to Botany, 3rd edition, London 1839,pp.289–90. Extract in G. Mantell, Wonders of Geology (1838), p. 566
9 Rev. J. B. Reade. Rev. J. B. Reade, on Fossil Infusoria; in a Letter [dated Peckham, Dec. 1837] to Gideon Mantell, Esq. LL.D. &c. Appendix L of Gideon Mantell, Wonders of Geology, (London: Relfe & Fletcher, 1838) (later greatly shortened and abstracted in 7th edition of 1858, Vol. 2, 716–7, 951–3)     1838 2 684–8 Micro Silica ; Infusoria; micro Fossils ; Xanthidia ; Microscope ; Illustrations ; Flint ; Chalk; Mica ; Ehrenburg, C. G. ; Turpin, P. J. F. Any significance of this letter lies not so much in the text (50% being quotations from recent publications of C. G. Ehrenburg), but microscope illustrations (figs 78–80), including one of Xanthidia in Flint of Sydenham. See also Mantell’s text, 658–661
10 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On the Existence of Spiral Vessels in the Roots of Dicotyledonous Plants Annals of Natural History   April 1838 1(2) 111–3 Micro Spiral vessels ; Mustard root ; Carrot ; Plants; Bowerbank, J. S.  Communication on the spiral vessels in the root of mustard, dated ‘Peckham, Feb 10, 1838. To Richard Taylor, Esq.’
11a Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. An Inquiry into a new Theory of earthy Bases of Vegetable Tissues Proceedings of the Royal Society, Vol. 4 (1837–1843), No. 32 (15 February 1838 – 5 April 1838) 8 March 1838 4(32) 52–3 Micro Raspail, F.V. ; Bird, Golding ; micro incineration; Silica ; Spiral vessels ; Plants ; Wheat leaf Read at RS 8/3/38. Looks at distribution of silica in plant tissues, and comparing his results with work by F. V. Raspail and Golding Bird, ‘proposes to substitute,in the description of vegetable tissues, the term skeleton, instead of that of bases.’
11b Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph manuscript dated 27 February 1838 of the above paper Royal Society, Archive Papers AP21.19 27 Febr 1838     MSS Royle,J. F. An adverse Referee’s Report (RR 1.194) was written by J. F. Royle on this paper: ‘a very interesting subject to which not enough attention has been paid to which it deserves... but Mr Reade’s technical terms are too imprecise and wants definiteness’.
12 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On Some New Organic Remains in The Flint of Chalk Annals of Natural History   Nov 1838 2 (9) 191–8, plates 8, 9 Micro Silica ; Infusoria ; Xanthidia ; micro Fossils; Flint ; Illustrations ; Microscope ; Ehrenburg, C.G. ; Bowerbank,J.S. Communication dated ‘Peckham, October 5, 1838’. Reade speaks of‘the image of the objects having been thrown on paper by means of a camera eyepiece, and then carefully drawn’, provides additional evidence that he did not use photography before 1839.
13 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. Observations on the Roman Coin–Moulds found at Lingwell–gate, near Wakefield, in the years 1697, 1706, 1820, and 1830 Numismatic Chronicle (Vol 1, June 1838–April 1839)     1838 1 161–5 Micro Roman Coin Moulds ; Archæology ; Infusoria ; Ehrenberg, C. G. ; Tripoli powder Read at Numismatic Society 22 Nov 1838. As Reade had recently been able to visit Lingwell–gate and microscopically examine the local soil, he was providing an update on his earlier paper presented the previous year, item 5
14 Rev. J. B. Reade Mr. Reade on Photography: ‘Some curious results connected with Mr. Talbot’s process of Photogenic Drawing’ Royal Society. Miscellaneous Correspondence MC 3.15 28 Febr 1839     MSS Photogenic drawing ; Talbot, W. H. F. ; Isinglass ; Silver Nitrate Four page autograph MS dated ‘Peckham Feb: 28: 1839’ preserved in archives of the Royal Society. Published on pp. 32–3 of R. Derek Wood, ‘J. B. Reade, F.R.S., and the Early History of Photography’, Annals of Science, Vol. 21:1 (March 1971), 13–83
15 J: B: R: [Autograph letter dated ‘Leeds 1 April 1839’ from J. B. Reade to his brother George at Guisborough, Yorkshire] Royal Photographic Society Collection 1 April 1839     MSS Photogenic Drawing ; Flea; Solar microscope J. B. Reade’s letter, written while visiting his father at Albion Place, Leeds, is on two pages of one folded sheet, the other two pages being a letter to his brother George from his father. Published by A. T. Gill, Photographic Journal, Jan. 1961, 10–11
16 J. B. Reade Manuscript copy of letter from J. B. Reade dated ‘Peckham. April 9, 1839’ to E. W. Brayley. [This letter copied for legal purposes has ‘Examined with the original. E. W. Brayley Jun. London Institution. June 17, 1854’.]  Lacock Abbey Collection LA 54.34 [In 2007 the Talbot Collection moved from Lacock to the British Library. LA 54.34 recatalogued at BL as Add MS 88942/4/1/15.] 9 April 1839     MSS Photogenic Drawing ; Infusion of Galls ; Gallate of Silver ; Hyposulphite ; Flea ; Trientalis Europa ; Solar microscope ; Camera obscura An attached statement of 17 June 1854 by E. W. Brayley says he read the second half of the letter(on the photographic use of gallate of silver) to an audience at the London Institution on 10 April 1839. See also item 33 and R. D. Wood 1972 (Item xxx)
17a Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On the construction and use of Single Achromatic Eye–Pieces, and their superiority to the double eye–piece of Huyghens Proceedings of the Royal Society Vol 4 (1837–1843), No. 41 (12 December 1839 – 20 February 1840) 9 Jan 1840 4 (41) 195 Micro Opics; lenses ; Telescopes Read at Royal Society on 9 January 1840.‘The achromatic eye–pieces which he uses were made by Messrs. Tulley and Ross, and are of the description usually termed single cemented triples.’
17b Rev. J. B. Reade  Autograph manuscript dated Peckham, Nov. 12, 1839, of the above paper Royal Society, Archive Papers AP23.39 12 Nov 1839     MSS Airy,G. B. ; Dollond, G. When this paper was considered (Royal Society, Committee of Physics, 12 March 1840) for full publication in PhilosophicalTransactions, two adverse Referee’s Reports by G. B. Airy dated 25 February1840 (RR 1.191) and G. Dollond (RR 1.192) were upheld.
18a J. B. Reade, Vicar of Stone, Bucks. Registration of Births [Letter to editor of The Times dated 20 October 1840] The Times (London) 28 October 1840   6 Gen Registration of Births  This letter resulted in a reply from W. H. Matthews, Registrar for the Somers–town district, in The Times, 29 October 1840, 2, and in turn Reade wrote the following response (b)
18b J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage Registration of Births [follow–up letter dated 31 October 1840 to the editor of The Times] The Times 4 Nov 1840   3 Gen Registration of Births   
19 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. The process of charring VegetableTissue as applied to the examination of the Stomata in the Epidermis of Garden Rhubarb [with ‘Postscript’]  Transactions of the Microscopical Society     1844 1 40–43, Pl. 1 Micro Micro incineration ; Spiral vessels ; Stomata ; dicotyledonous plants ; Rhubarb leaves ; Lindley, J. ; Brown, R. ; Link, H. F. ; Williams, Dr. Thomas  Two papers read at Microscopical Society of London 21 July & 24 Nov 1841, dated ‘Stone Vicarage, Aylesbury, May25, 1841’ and November 20, 1841. Had also been reported in The Microscopical Journal and Structural Record for 1841, [Vol. 1] pp. 109, 174–5
20 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On Liebig’s Theory of Fallow Crops Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1842     1842 Part2 64–5 Chem Liebig ; Agriculture ; Chemistry ; Nitrogen ; Leguminosae  
21 Rev. J. B. Reade Letter ‘upon various matters’ relating to Ammonia and Nitrogen The Microscopical Journal and Structural Record     1842 2 319 Chem Liebig; Agriculture ; Chemistry ; Nitrogen ; Ammonia ; Cocoa–nut Cake ; Microscopy This letter was read at 16 Nov 1842 meeting of the Microscopical Society of London. Same text in the manuscript ‘Minutes’, Vol 1, 1840–1868, and reported in The Athenaeum, 1842, p. 1042. Disputes statement by Liebig on non use of Nitrogen of the air
22a Rev. J. B. Reade Microscopic Chemistry No. 1. On the existence of Ammonia in Gum, Sugar, and other ‘non–azotized’ bodies The Athenaeum 7 Jan 1843 (793) 19–20 Chem Microscopy; Chemistry ; Nitrogen ; Ammonia ; Sugar ; Liebig Letter read at 21 December 1842 meeting of Microscopical Society of London, See also Minutes, Vol. 1, 1840–1868). Mentioned only very briefly by President (J. Lindley) in Report of the Third Anniversary of the Microscopical Society of London (1843), p. 12
22b Rev. J. B. Reade Microscopic Chemistry No. 2. On the existence of Ammonia in Vegetable Substances described as containing Nitrogen The Athenaeum 15 April 1843 (807) 370 Chem Microscopy ; Chemistry ; Nitrogen ; Ammonia ; Beans ; Hydrochloric acid ; Liebig Also a full report in The Phytologist, 1843 'Second Annual Part', p.560. Second letter read at 15 March 1843 meeting of Microscopical Society of London. See also manuscript Minutes, Vol. 1,1840–1868) and text very briefly abstracted in Report [for 1843] of the 4th Anniversary Meeting of the Microscopical Society of London (1844), pp. 6–7
23 J. B. Reade Eighteen autograph letters to ‘My dear Cousin’, Miss Salmon, Miss Rushfield, dated between 16 April 1841 and 1847 A. L. Reade Collection in possession of Hamilton Reade, Sevenoaks, Kent [ ]     1841–7     MSS Letters ; correspondence; MSS ; Salmon, Miss [Susan?] ; Rushfield, Miss  ‘Bundle of letters which start “My dear cousin”. The first, dated 16 April 1841 is addressed to Miss Salmon. 4 more in 1841, 2 in 1845, 3 in 1846 and 6 or 7 in1847, one undated (1844?) addressed apparently to a Miss Rushfield’ (HR to RDW, 24 Dec 1969)
24 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 14 May 1843 from Rev J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage, to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H5/letter10 14 May 1843     MSS John Lee ; W. H. Smyth ; Stone (Bucks) ; Stone Observatory ; Telescope ; Chemical analysis ; wine ; Ink This first of eight autograph letters in the Lee Collection from Rev J. B. Reade to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell dated between 1843 and 1851 discusses plans to build a substantial Observatory in the grounds of Stone vicarage.
25 J. B. Reade The Comet of Faye [Letter to editor of The Times dated 9 February 1844] The Times 13 Febr 1844   6 Astron Astronomy; Telescope ; Comet ; Hartwell Observatory; Dr. John Lee  
26 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 4 June 1844 from Rev J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage, to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H5/letter 11 4 June 1844     MSS John Lee ; Stone (Bucks) ; Clock ; Road ; School Writes of difficulties in obtaining observations for timing clock, of an Edward I silver penny found under chancery, new road to the church and other improvements, and wishes to build a school on the British System. Will spend July in the North.
27 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 19 June 1844 from Rev J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage, to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H5/letter 12 19 June 1844     MSS John Lee ; Sir Henry Verney ; G. Mantell; Stone (Bucks) ;  Dr. Gideon Mantell wants to put a plate of Hartwell fossil’s in his Medals of Creation. Concerned that Mantell should not risk his health from overwork. Agrees to exchange land at Stone. Due to spendthe day at Clayden with Sir Henry Verney.
28.1 Rev. J. B. Reade Title only without text or table: ‘Observations of the Comet of Faye ... Observations made at Hartwell, Bucks. By the Rev. J. B. Reade. Communicated by Dr. Lee’, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 8 March 1844 6 (5) 57 Astron Astronomy; Faye Comet ; Hartwell Observatory ; Lee, Dr. J 28.1 to 28.7 J. B. Reade, Seven Observations (Co–ordinate Tables only) of various Comets, communicatedto the Royal Astronomical Society in 1844, 1845, 1846, and 1850:
28.2 John Glaisher & Rev. J. B. Reade De Vico’s First, or Periodical Comet ... Observations made at Dr. Lee’s Observatory, Hartwell. By Mr. John Glaisher and the Rev. J. B. Reade Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 9 May 1845 6 (16) 239 Astron Astronomy ; De Vico Comet; Hartwell Observatory ; Glaisher, John  
28.3 John Glaisher & Rev. J. B. Reade D’Arrest’s Comet ... Observations at Dr. Lee’s Observatory, Hartwell. By Mr. [John] Glaisher and Rev. Mr. Reade Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 9 May 1845 6 (16) 240 Astron Astronomy; D’Arrest Comet ; Hartwell Observatory ; John Glaisher  
28.4 Rev. J. B. Reade Biela’s Comet. Hartwell. Dr. Lee’s Observatory (Rev. J. B. Reade) Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 8 April 1846 7(6) 82 Astron Astronomy ; Biela Comet ; Hartwell Observatory  
28.5 Rev. J. B. Reade Relative positions of the two heads of Biela’s Comet. Hartwell. Dr Lee’s Observatory (Rev. J. B. Reade) Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 8 April 1846 7 (6) 83 Astron Astronomy; Biela Comet ; Hartwell Observatory  
28.6 Rev. J. B. Reade De Vico’s Third Comet. Observations. Dr. Lee’s Observatory (Rev. J. B. Reade) Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 8 April 1846 7 (6) 84 Astron Astronomy ; De Vico third Comet ; Hartwell Observatory  
28.7 Rev. J. B. Reade & [F.] V. Fasel Peterson’s Third Comet ...Stone. On the Meridian (Rev. J. B. Reade and Mons. [F.] V. Fasel) Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 10 May 1850 10 ( 7) 150–1 Astron Astronomy; Peterson Comet ; Stone Observatory ; Fasel, F. V. ; Telescope After the table, a note is added on the following page 151 regarding the system of wires used in the transit telescope at Stone
29 Rev. J. B. Reade On Animals of the Chalk still found in a living state in the Stomachs of Oysters Transactions of the Microscopical Society     1849 2 20–24 Micro Microscopy; Infusoria ; micro Fossils ; Xanthidia ; Oysters ; Chalk ; KimmeridgeClay ; Geology ; Ehrenburg, C.G. ; William Paley This paper was read at [Royal] Microscopical Society of London on 11 December 1844 and was first reported in detail in an account of the meeting in The Zoologist,Vol 2 (1845), pp.811–3. More than four-fifths of this paper was quoted by Jabez Hogg in his book The Microscope (1854), pp.241-244.
30 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On the Cilia and Ciliary Currents of the Oyster Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1845     1845 Part2 66–7 Micro Microscopy ; Dark–field illumination; Infusoria ; Cilia ; Oysters ; Kimmeridge Clay ; Geology Read at meeting in Cambridge on 13 June 1845 of the Zoology and Botany Section. Exactly the same text also published in Annals and Magazine of Natural History, August 1845, Vol. 16 (103), pp. 124–5
31 Joseph Bancroft Reade Certain Improvements in Inks, and in theProcesses by which the same are Manufactured, and the Application of some of these Processes to the Production of certain Salts Patent No. 11,474[Title sealed 3 December 1846, Specification enrolled 3 June 1847]     1846     Chem Chemistry; Inks ; Patent ; gall ink ; metallic salts ; silver salts ; Close Rolls; PRO Specification enrolled the standard six months after Title was sealed. Original parchment Roll ‘66th Part of the Close Rolls 1847’ at PRO, C54/13532, mm 37–40. Body of specification published in Mechanics’ Magazine, June 1847,Vol. 46 (1243), pp. 549–51
32 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On two new salts of Gold Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1847     1847 Part 2 57 Chem Chemistry; Ammonio – Iodide of Gold See also item 54 (1857)
33 Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. Text of Letter ‘communicated by Mr Reade, on the 9th of March [sic!] 1839, to E. W. Brayley’ in ‘Photography’ by Sir David Brewster, North British Review   August 1847 7 470–1 Photo Historiography; Photogenic Drawing ; Infusion of Galls ; Gallate of Silver ; Hyposulphite; Flea ; Trientalis Europa ; Solar microscope ; Camera obscura ; E. W. Brayley First publication of this letter. Misdated March 1839, of great historiographic consequence re R's first photography. See Item 16 for complete letter showing date was really 9 April 1839 and analysis by R. D. Wood 1972 (Item # ), and letters in 1862 (Items 61–62)
34 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph copy sent to Dr. John Lee of a letter dated 15 May 1848 from Rev J. B. Reade to E. Reeves, Fee Farm Rent Office, regarding Farm Rent Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H5/letter 13 15 May 1848     MSS John Lee ; Stone (Bucks) ; Lord Chesterfield ; Fee Farm Rent Office Copy of his letter to Fee Farm Office, Lyon’s Inn, London stating with regard to a demand on Lord Chesterfield’s property ‘As no Vicar of Stone ever paid this rent you will scarcely be surprized that I did not sent you a post office order’.
35 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 16 November 1848 from Rev J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage, to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H5/letter 14 16 Nov 1848     MSS John Lee ; Stone (Bucks) ; Dissenters; Religion ; Bucks Architectural and Archæological Society ; Astronomy; Observatory ; Planet Mercury  Provides list of 6 persons who voted for and 5 against a rule of the Bucks Architectural & ArchæologicalSociety excluding Dissenters. The rule seemed to Reade ‘so very absurd’, and there was a general feeling against it. Reports observations of Mercury.
36a J. B. Reade Copy letter dated 9 January 1849 from J. B. Reade (while staying with brother, George, at Hutton Low Cross, Guisborough, Yorkshire) to Council of the Royal Astronomical Society on sale of glebeland at Stone. Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H 12/10/9(ii) 9 Jan 1849     MSS Stone (Bucks); glebe land sale ; Lunatic Asylum ; Royal Astronomical Society ; Williams, Mr ; Bishop of Oxford ; Hutton Low Cross ; Guisborough (Yorks) ; gisbro Written to RAS as Patrons of the Living at Stone, concerns sale of 20 acres of glebe land for building the County Lunatic Asylum. Copy apparently obtained by Lee from Mr. Williams at the RAS in February 1849. Autograph seems not to have survived at RAS
36b J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 7 February 1849 from J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage, to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell Buckinghamshire Record Office,Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H 12/10/9(i) 7 Febr 1849     MSS John Lee ; Stone (Bucks) ; glebe land sale ; Lunatic Asylum (Bucks); Asylum Act 8 & 9 Vic. ; Royal Astronomical Society ; Fasel, F. V. ; Thermometer; Observatory ; Glaisher, Mr  After briefly referring to Mr. Glaisher’s examination & notes on the thermometer at Stone Observatory, this letter mainly concerns the sale of glebe land at Stone for the building of the County Lunatic Asylum [See also mention of the 20 acres in Item 102]
37 Rev. J. B. Reade On reducing the aperture of the Huygenian eyepiece in observations of the Sun Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 8 June 1849 9(8) 215–6 Optics Astronomy ; Telescope ; lenses ; optics ; thermal; heat ; illuminating rays A report of the Astronomical Society meeting of 11 May in The Athenaeum 26 May 1849 (No. 1126), p. 544, says only that a communication was read ‘from the Rev. J. B. Reade on the Adaption of a small eyehole to the eyepieces of Telescopes’. See also item 39
38 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 10 September 1849 from Rev J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage, to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H10/7 and a contempory copy of the letter in D/LE/H5/15 10 September 1849     MSS JohnLee ; Hartwell (Bucks) ; Eyethorpe field ; John Marks Farms ; Archæology ; geology This letter relating to local archæology was accompanied (D/LE/H10/8) by a drawing of a section of a mound, which Reade concluded was a natural geological feature, later published by W. H. Smyth, Aedes Hartwellianae (1851), p. 5
39 Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. On a New Solid Eye–piece Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1850     1850 Part 2 15–16 Optics Astronomy; Telescope ; optics ; cemented lenses ; thermal ; heat ; illuminating rays Also reported in The Athenaeum, 17 August 1850, pp. 876–7. See also similar Items 37 and 42
40 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 23 May 1851 from Rev J. B. Reade, Stone Vicarage, to Dr. John Lee of Hartwell Buckinghamshire Record Office, Aylesbury. Dr John Lee, Hartwell MSS: D/LE/H5/letter 16 23 May 1851     MSS John Lee ; Lord Londesborough ; 144 Piccadilly; Mr. Crookes ; David Brewster ; J. Y. Akerman ; Emigration Fund ; Stone(Bucks) ; Meteorological Society ; Mr Lowndes To canvass the Parish to form an Emigration Fund. Previous night was at Lord Londesbrough’s house in Picadilly, having conversation with Sir David Brewster, J. Y. Akerman, Dr Leeson. Mentions antiquarian objects exhibited there.
41 Rev. J. B. Reade A Saxon Broach found at Stone [Exhibits accompanying‘An Account of Roman Remains at Stone’ by G. D. Brandon, pp.95–6] Archaeological Journal     1851 8 96 Antiq Archæology ; Stone (Bucks); Saxon broach ; Fibular ; J. Y. Akerman ; G. D. Brandon ; Asylum (Stone) Nine years earlier Reade had shown this Saxon broach or Fibula, found at Stone around early 1840, to J. Y. Akerman who provided an engraving and description ‘Ancient Fibular found at Stone, Buckinghamshire’ in Archaeologia, Vol. 30 (1844), Appendix pp. 545–7
42 Rev. J. B. Reade Solid Eye–pieces (Exhibit No. 254A in Class X) Exhibition [1851] of the Works of Industry of All Nations: Reports by the Juries     1851 2 583–4 Optics Astronomy; Telescope ; optics ; cemented lenses ; achromatic Vol 2 of 4–volume illustrated set, and same pages of Vol 1 of standard un–illustrated edition. The Jury awarded Reade a Prize Medal for this exhibit. See James Glaisher, lecture to Society of Arts in 1851, p. 358. See also footnote in Items 44, and 78.1
43 Rev. J. B. Reade Cyaniodide of Iron (Exhibit No. 3A in Class II) Exhibition [1851] of the Works of Industry of All Nations: Reports by the Juries     1851 1 117 Chem Soluble Prussian Blue ; Iodine ; metal salts ; ink ‘...exhibited cyaniodide of iron, a new variety of soluble Prussian Blue and pure idide of potassium. In the composition of the former substance, iodine is supposed to play the part of oxygen or cyanogen.’ Mentioned in two of R. Hunt’s publications (1851) about the Exhibition
44 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On the Observatory at Stone Vicarage, near Aylesbury Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 12 May 1854 14(7) 196–8 Astron Astronomy ; Observatory ; Telescope ; lenses; Optics ; Stone (Bucks) ; Lee, Dr. J. ; Donkin, W. F. ; Solid–eyepiece; Dawes, Mr. ; Carter, G. (carpenter) ; Carter, C. (son) Dated Stone, May 9, 1854, although printed in the Monthly Notices dated 12 May was not read at meeting. Cost of building was £244.8s.3. and the instruments(16–foot Refractor telescope, Transit instrument, and meteorological instruments) were £243.19s.9d.
45 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On Some Early Experiments in Photography, being the substance of a letter [dated 13 February 1854] addressed to Robert Hunt, Esq. Philosophical Magazine (4th Series)   May 1854 7(46) 326–31 Photo Photography ; gallic acid ; nut galls ; tanning; hyposulphite ; Brayley, E. W. ; Hodgson, Mr [C. J. ?] ; Talbot,W. H. F. ; Herschel, Sir John ; Wedgwood, Tom ; Young, Thomas  Immediately reprinted in Notes & Queries, 3 June 1854, Vol 9, pp. 524–5 but omitting second half of letter concerning Thomas Young's spectrum experiments in 1803. Also published in full in Hunt’s Researches on Light, 2nd edition London 1854, appendix 2 on pp. 371-5. Reade had offprints, for example sending one to R. Owen, see item 53.
46 Rev. J. B. Reade. ‘Rev. J. B. READE, on Mr. H. Fox Talbot's Claim to the Priority of Discovery of the Use of Gallic Acid in Photography’ [dated 24 June 1854] Notes & Queries 8 July 1854 10 (245) 34 Photo Photography; Affidavit ; patent ; gallic acid ; nut galls ; Willats ; Brayley, E.W. ; Talbot, W. H. F. ; Grove, William ; Leeds ; North British Review The publication of Reade’s letter had been announced by the editor in the previous issue of Notes & Queries, 1 July, p.15. Also appeared, ‘Communicated by the Author’, under the simpler title of ‘Letter from the Rev. J. B. Reade to H. Fox Talbot Esq.’ in The Photographic Journal, 21 July 1854, Vol 2: No.20, pp. 9-10. Reprinted in The Art Journal, August 1854, Vol 6 (ns), p. 237.
47 ‘Rev. G. D. [sic] Reade’ [doubtful authorship: probably John Lee of Hartwell] Account of the Observatory at Hartwell House Bucks Advertiser and Aylesbury News 12 August 1854 18 (922) 2 Astron Astronomy; Observatory ; Telescope ; Hartwell (Bucks) ; Smyth, W. H. ; Lee, Dr. John ; Vulliamy, B. L. ; Vulliamy Clock ; Tully Telescope ; Clark. G. (Carpenter at Stone) ; Jones, T. (Optical instruments) ; South, Sir James Read by Dr Lee at RAS on 9 June 1854, published as by Lee (no mention of Reade) in Monthly Notices RAS, Nov 1853–June 1854, Vol. 14 (8), pp. 215–7. A cutting from Bucks Advertiser is in Lee’s Astronomy Scrapbook No. 4, Gunther MS 37, Museum History of Science, Oxford
48a Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On Photographs of the Moon and of the Sun Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1854     1854 Part2 10–12 Astron Astronomy ; Moon ; Sun ; Photography ; Daguerreotype; Bond, W. C. ; Smyth, Piazzi ; Pollock, Henry ; Prout ; Craig ; Telescope Wandsworth ; Diamond, Dr. H. After discussing a daguerreotype of the moon taken by Bond in USA, and two calotypes by H. Pollock, JBR reports how a group of Astronomers, inc himself, at Rev Craig’s telescope at Wandsworth used collodion negatives prepared by Prout & printed by Dr Diamond
48b   On Photographs of the Moon and of the Sun The Athenaeum 14 October 1854   1240–1 Astron   The Athenaeum report has an additional first paragraph. See also The Art Journal, 1854, Vol. 6, p. 368
49 Rev. Mr. Reade J. B. Reade’s evidence given in an unsigned report of the photographic patent trial of ‘Talbot v. Laroche’ Journal of the Photographic Society (London) 21 Dec 1854 2 (25) 84–95 Photo Talbot, W. H. F. ; Laroche ; Grove, W. R. ; Brayley, E. W. ; Ross, Andrew; Gallic acid ; Court Common Pleas ; Patent ; Law ; Photographic Journal Reade’s evidence is quoted on pp. 91–2. The Photographic Journal was the only publication providing verbatum text of the evidence given by the witnesses at the hearing in the Court of Common Pleas. For other reports and commentaries see items ## in Bibliography Part 2.
50.1 J. B. Reade Four letters on the preparation of ‘Bromo–iodide of Silver’ Notes & Queries 9 Dec 1854 10 (267) 472 Photo Diamond, Dr. Hugh ; Leachman, John ; Photographic chemistry ; Silver salts ; Iodide; Bromide ; calotype  
50.2     Notes & Queries 20 Jan 1855 11 (273) 51 Photo Diamond, Dr. Hugh ; Leachman, John ; Lyte, Maxwell ; Photographic chemistry; Silver salts ; Iodide ; Bromide  
50.3     Notes & Queries 17 Febr 1855 11 (277) 130 Photo Diamond,Dr. Hugh ; Leachman, John ; Lyte, Maxwell ; Photographic chemistry; Silver salts ; Iodide ; Bromide ; Calotype  
50.4     Notes & Queries 24 March 1855 11 (282) 230–1 Photo Diamond, Dr. Hugh ; Leachman, John ; Lyte, Maxwell ; Photographic chemistry; Brande’s Chemistry ; silver salts ; Iodide ; Bromide  
51 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On the Use of Gutta Percha as a Substitute for Glass in the practice of Photography Journal of the Photographic Society (London) 21 Nov 1855 2 253–5 Photo Gutta Percha; Collodion ; Photography ; Millar, Dr John ; Archer, F. S. Reade carried out the experiments with Gutta Percha with Dr John Millar, Superintendant of the County Asylum close to Stone Vicarage. JBR had shown some specimens to F. S. Archer. Paper read at meeting of 1 Nov 1855. See also pp. 262,266–8 and 281.
52 ‘Chairman’ [JBR] Discussion on theory of silver forming organic combination with paper Journal of the Photographic Society (London) 21 March 1856 3 5–6 Photo Silver; Photography ; Davy, Sir H. ; Malone, T.  Reade chaired the (Royal) Photographic Society meeting of 6 March 1856 which was devoted to discussion (particularly by Thomas Malone) of a paper by Hardwich on the ‘Action of Sulphur upon positive prints’ read at the previous meeting, Vol. 2, 304–7
53 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 14 November 1856 from Rev J. B. Reade to Richard Owen British Museum (Natural History), London. Owen Correspondence, Vol 22, ff. 184–5 14 Nov 1856 22 ff.
184-5
MSS Owen, Richard ; Lamna tooth (engraving) ; Owens’s Odontography ; Young, Thomas; Peacock, George ; Fenton, Roger ; Reade’s letter to Robert Hunt (1854) Concerns engraving of a magnified image of a lamna tooth, drawn by Lens Aldous from a photomicrograph taken by JBR in 1839, published by Owen in his Odontography (1840). An unsigned drawing of the tooth exists in the Owen Collection of Drawings folio 84.
54 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On a new Method of forming Ammonio–Iodides of metals Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1857     1857 Part2 55–7 Chem Chemistry ; Ammonio – Iodide ; iodine ; ammonia; gold ; silver ; metal salts ; Brande ; Gmelin ; Waterhouse See also item 32 (1847)
55 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On Animal Ammonia, its Formation, Evolution, and Office Advance of Science, British Association Report for 1858     1858 Part 2 65–6 Chem Chemistry ; Ammonia ; blood; breath ; Richardson, Benjamin ; Raspail, F. V.  (Sir) B. W. Richardson at British Association 1856 (Part 2, p. 98) and in Coagulation of the Blood (1856) had proposed the solubility of fibrin depended on Ammonia in the blood. JBR supported this, finding Ammonia excreted by skin and breath. Reported in The Athenaeum 1858, p. 480
56 J. B. Reade The Waterhouse Diaphragms (letter to the editor dated 18 March 1859 commenting on an earlier letter from H. R. Smyth of Leeds in the journal in January 1859, Vol. 5, pp. 137–8) Journal of the Photographic Society (London) 9 April 1859 5 254–5 Photo Waterhouse, John; Waterhouse stops ; lenses ; Smyth, H. R. ; Price, Lake Waterhouse had published ‘Diaphragms for a Portrait Combination’, in JPS, 21 July1858, Vol. 4, 258–9. JBR says ‘Mr Waterhouse described his method to me in the winter of 1856, and then wished me to take his camera to London to be suitably fitted up.’
57a Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. On a New [Single] Hemispherical Condenser for the Microscope, and its use in illustrating an important principle in [oblique] Microscopic Illumination Transactions of the Microscopical Society (Second Series)     1861 9 59–65 Micro Microscope ; Condenser; oblique dark–ground illumination ; apertures ; single kettle–drum ; Waterhouse; Ross, Andrew ; Ross, Thomas ; Powell ; Podura ; Gravatt ; Tomkins Read at meeting of 8 May 1861. Later Reade called this his ‘Single Kettledrum’ to differentiate it from his later modification in 1867 which instead of a single used a double hemispherical lens, his ‘Double–Kettledrum’ – see Items 73, 91 and 100
57b Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. Hemispherical condenser for microscopes, illustrating a new principle in [oblique] microscopic illumination London International Exhibition of 1862: Catalogue, Class 13 (Philosopical Instruments), Exhibit No. 2948     1862   34 Micro Microscope ; Condenser ; dark–ground oblique illumination ; apertures ; Gillett’s Condenser with illustration. Text describes ‘a new arangement of stops, applicable to all condensers,for regulating the number, position, and magnitude of transmitted pencilsof oblique light’. Also Jurors Report (1863), class 13, pp. 22 &24 mentions JBR’s method
58 Rev. J. B. Reade ‘The Early History of Photography’, Letter ‘From the Rev. J. B. Reade to Lyndon Smith Esq. ... Dec. 16, 1859’ British Journal of Photography 1 March 1862 9 79–80 Photo Photography; history ; Smith, Lyndon ; Leeds ; Gallic acid ; gloves ; leather ;Talbot ; Davy ; Wedgwood ; Akerman ; Brayley ; Herschel ; Ross ; Diamond ; Smyth Letter was of great significant in promoting Reade as discoverer of the photographic process, especially as it was reprinted almost in full in item 81 and in John Werge’s influential Evolution of Photography (1890), 15–21. With related correspondence
59 Rev. J. B. Reade Letter ‘From the Rev. J. B. Reade to George Shadbolt [Editor, British Journal of Photography] ... Feb. 24, 1862’ British Journal of Photography 1 March 1862 9 80 Photo Photography ; Gallic Acid ; Talbot ; patent ; Peckham ; gardener ; green house ; feathers ; Ross, Andrew This letter to the editor of the British Journal of Photography on the occasion when Reade’s letter to L. Smith (see preceding item) was set up for printing in 1862 does add some other reminiscences about his first photography.
60 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. On the Nature, Properties, and Laws of Polarized Light Leeds Intelligencer 8 March 1862 109 (2976) 8 Micro Polarized Light ; Polarisation ; Millar, Dr. John ; Milner, W. ; Leeds ; Microscope; selenite ; Malus, E (1775–1812) ; Brewster, Sir David A lecture given on Tuesday 4 March 1862 to the Leeds Philosophical Society in the Stock Exchange Hall, Leeds, ‘assisted in a series of brilliant illustrative experiments by Dr. John Millar, of London and Mr. W. Milner, Wakefield House of Correction.’
61 J. B. Reade Letter from J. B. Reade to Sir David Brewster, dated Ellesbro’ Rectory, Tring, April 2, 1862 published in The Reades of Blackwood Hill ..., by A. L. Reade, limited edition of 350 copies privately printed for the author by Spottiswoode: London 1906         97 Photo North British Review ; Polarized Light ; Leeds Intelligencer ; Smith, Lyndon; Gallate ; Gallic acid ; Talbot ; Hanson of Leeds ; British Journal of Photography ; Chimenti drawing Present survival of the autograph letter is not known. Reade writes about the recent publication of his letter to L. Smith and his lecture at Leeds,‘you were unable to comply with the request of the Committee, I believe I took your place’. Sent portrait.
62 J. B. Reade Letter from J. B. Reade to Sir David Brewster, dated April 12, 1862 published in The Reades of Blackwood Hill ..., by A. L. Reade, privately printed for the author by Spottiswoode: London 1906         97 Photo North British Review ; Smith, Lyndon ; Talbot, W. H. F. ; Patent ; Awdrey, Sir John ; Stereoscope ; Nottage, G. S. In reply to Reade’s earlier letter/s, Brewster had written on 3 April (also on p. 97) about Talbot in relation to B’s mention of Reade in North British Review (#33) and Stereoscope, and 10 April (# ) on Chimenti. Reade in turn responds to those subjects.
63 J. B. Reade The Chimenti Pictures. Letter to editor of the Photographic Journal dated 7 April 1862, with a P.S. of 11 April Photographic Journal 15 April 1862 8 29–30 Photo Chimenti, Jacopo [1554–1640?] ; stereoscopic ; Brewster, Sir David ; Carpenter,W. B. A woodcut of a photograph of the drawings sent by Brewster to Reade appeared as a plate in the same issue. Considering if Chimenti [c.1554–1640] had intended 2 drawings to be viewed for sterescopic effect, Reade thought ‘the odds in his favour.’
64a Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. Experiments on Photography with Colour Advance of Science, British Association Report for the 32nd meeting at Cambridge, 1862     1862 Part 2 22–23 Photo Photography ; Colour light ; iodide bromide ; collodion ; pyrogallic acid ; glass positive Reade supposed that due to increasing the amount of iodiser in the collodion when producing glass positives, he ‘happened to obtain unusual traces of colour in photographic portraits’ See also Reade’s later remarks on colour, item 99
64b   Experiments on Photography with Colour British Journal of Photography 15 October 1862 9 386 Photo   After the text, a dismissive editorial comment: ‘The picture which accompanied this communication was shown to the members present ... but in the opinion of the photographers present,the evidences of colour were not of a character to warrant any hope...’
64c   Editorial report of Reade’s ‘Experiments on Photography with Colour’ Photographic Journal 15 October 1862 8 140 Photo   Extremely dismissive report:‘a glass positive, with the warm drab or buff tone which not uncommonly characterizes positives developed with pyrogallic acid, and which by a lively imagination may be regarded as an approximation to a flesh–tint’[etc]
65 Rev. J. B. Reade Undated Letter [c. late 1860–1863] to W. H. Smyth on a double faced brass in Stone Church in ‘A word more on the “double–faced”brass in Stone Church’ by W. H. Smyth, Records of Buckinghamshire     1863 2 321– 32 Antiq Stone Church ; Brasses ; Smyth, W. H.  Reade’s letter is on pp. 327–9 within Smyth’s article. Also soon after reprinted in Smyth’s Addenda to the Aedes Hartwellianae (1864), 228–30
66 Joseph B. Reade Letter dated 2 June 1862 to W. H. Smyth commenting on, and providing a photograph of, ‘the Protector’s sword’ at Chequers in W. H. Smyth’s Addenda to the Aedes Hartwellianae, Privately printed: London 1864     1864   243 Photo Photograph ; Chequers ; Cromwell ; Marston Moor ; sword ; Smyth, W. H. ; Halifax museum with an engraving of Reade’s photograph of the Cromwellian sword resting on a chair on p. 244.
67 Rev. J. B. Reade Letter dated 9 December 1862 to W. H. Smyth providing a chemical and microscopic analysis of a fragment of a limestone North African Sculpture in W. H. Smyth’s Addenda to the Aedes Hartwellianae, Privately printed: London 1864     1864   191 Chem sculpture ; limestone ; geology ; analysis ; chemistry ; microscope ; Smyth, W. H.  
68 Rev. J. B. Reade A method of separating Desmidiae Transactions of the Microscopical Society (2nd series)     1863 11 32 Micro Microscopy ; Desmidiae As no paper was available to be read at the Microscopical Society meeting on 14 January 1863, Reade spoke of the simple way he separated living desmid from other material into clean water. Report of meeting also in Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 1863, Vol. 11, p. 140
69 Rev. J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 21 May 1864 to Dr Sharpey, Secretary of the Royal Society Royal Society, Miscellaneous Correspondence: MC 7.73 21 May 1864     Gen Hey, William ; Bust ; Royal Society Reade presents the Royal Society with a bust of William Hey, FRS (1736–1819), Leeds Surgeon. The plaster bust was still listed in The Record of The Royal Society, 4th edition (1940), p. 163, but since World War II seems no longer at the Society.
70.1 Rev. J. B. Reade ‘The Origin of Photography’: two abstracts reported in the third person of remarks made by Reade to the editor of the Photographic News Photographic News 15 September 1865 9 444 Photo Liebig, Baron Justus von ; Latent Image ; Gallic Acid ; Talbot, W. H. F. Reade comments on his use of Gallic Acid recently featured by the editor, G. Wharton Simpson, in his unsigned article ‘The Origin of the Daguerreotype and Talbotype: Discovery [of the Latent Image] by Accident and Induction’ in the 8 Sept issue, pp. 423–5.
70.2     Photographic News 13 October 1865 9 492 Photo Gallic Acid ; Akerman ; Diamond, Dr Hugh ; King William IV A confused text apparently saying Dr. Diamond received from Mr Akerman a copy of Reade’s photograph of a flea on the Sunday [sic] William IV died. These obscurities of the text are discussed by R. D. Wood (1972)
71 Rev. J. B. Reade Letter from R. B. Reade to A. Claudet dated 10 November 1866, with Reade’s additional remarks on Claudet’s system of equalising focus made at Photographic Society meeting on 13 November 1866 Photographic Journal 16 Nov 1866 11 142–3, 146 Photo Claudet, Antoine; focus equaliser ; Soft focus ; lenses double combination ; portraits; Mayall, J. ; Dallmeyer, J. H. ; polarization ; Waterhouse, J. ; Millar, Dr. J ; Newton bust Reade’s further remarks were made, and letter read, immediately after he himself, on behalf of Claudet (although present!), had read to the meeting of 13 November Claudet’s paper on‘... Equalizing the definition of the various Planes of the Figure’,136–142
72a Rev. J. B. Reade J. B. Reade on the different nature of focus in landscapes and in portraits: discussion at Photographic Society on 11 December 1866 Photographic Journal 15 Dec 1866 11 164–5 Photo Dallmeyer, J. H. ; Claudet, Antoine ; focus equaliser ; Soft focus ; lenses double-combination ; landscapes ; portraits Reade’s remarks on the different nature of focus in landscapes and in portraits, on Dallmeyer’s new lens and Claudet’s system of focussing, were his contribution to discussion after a paper on 11 December 1866 by J. H. Dallmeyer ‘On a New Portrait Lens’
72b   Rev. J. B. Reade on depth of focus of lenses and the eye: discussion at meeting of the Photographic Society on 8 January 1867 Photographic Journal 15 Jan 1867 11 181–2 Photo Dallmeyer,J. H. ; diffusion depth focus ; Soft focus ; aperture ; eye ; coma ; portraitlenses  Remarks on coma in lenses, diffusion of focus and depth of focus of lenses, aperture and depth of focus of the eye, after Claudet’s ‘Observations on Mr. Dallmeyer’s Paper’ had been read by JBR for Claudet at Photographic Society meeting of 8 January 1867
73 Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. On a Double Hemispherical Condensor for the Microscope Transactions of the Royal Microscopical Society (second series)     1867 15 3–6 Micro Double Kettledrum ; Microscope ; Condenser; oblique dark–ground illumination ; apertures ; Highley ; Webster ; Read at 12 December 1866 meeting of the now Royal Microscopical Society – as Reade indicates, the Society had just been incorporated by Royal Charter. This ‘Double Kettledrum’ is a two lens modification of his single lens Condenser of 1861, see item 57
74a J. B. Reade Letter dated 27 April 1867 to J. B. Sheppard on ‘polychromatic infusorial water’, inserted in Sheppard’s ‘On an Example of the Production of a Colour possessing Remarkable Qualities by the Action of Monads ... upon Organised substances.’ Transactions of the Royal Microscopical Society (second series)     1867 15 66–68 Micro Sheppard, R. B. ; Browning,John ; Sorby, H. C. ; infusoria ; algae ; monads ; albumen ; dichroic; polychromatic ; colour ; Pasteur Sheppard’s paper on pp. 64–71 was communicated by Reade to the 8 May 1867 meeting of the RMS. The specimen collected by Sheppard from a spring in Kent had also been exhibited by Reade at a soirée on 24 April and a spectro analysis by Sorby and Browning
74b [Lancaster, E. Ray] See comments, on Sheppard’s paper and on Reade’s letter above, by E. Ray Lancaster in a letter to editor ‘On the Action of Monads in producing colouring matter’ Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science (new series)     1867 7 283–4 Micro Sheppard, R. B. ; Reade, J. B. ; Sorby, H. C. ; Cohn, F. ; Phycocyan Phycochrom chlorophyll; Algae ; monads ; monochromatic ; colour  Refers to a relevant review of ‘Researches on the Physiology of the Phycochromacea and Florideae’ byGerman researcher, F. Cohn, QJMS, 1867, 209–12. See also Reade’s remarks in MMJ, v3, p262; in President’s Address 1870 (Item 96); and Items 104–105
75 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. Chairman’s remarks on adjustment of lenses for focus–equalization, at meeting of Photographic Society on 14 May 1867 during discussion after paper by A. Claudet ‘On a self–acting Focus equalizer’ Photographic Journal 16 May 1867 12 37–8 Photo Claudet, Antoine ; focus equaliser ; Soft focus ; lenses double combination ; Dallmeyer,J. H. ; Cherrill, Mr. ; Sommer, H.  These remarks continue the theme of Items 71 and 72
76 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. Chairman’s remarks on carbon prints, at meeting of Photographic Society on 14 May 1867 during discussion after paper by V. Blanchard ‘On the best means of rendering Silver prints permanent’ Photographic Journal 16 May 1867 12 41–2 Photo Carbon prints ; Swan, J. W. ; Cherrill, Mr. ; Blanchard, V. Collodion coating; Sulphide of Ammonia ; William Cowper’s poem Conversation ; smell  When V. Blanchard offered to demonstrate at this meeting to subject his collodion coated prints to Sulphide of Ammonia, Reade stalled him by quoting a couplet from a poem by W. Cowper ‘The sight’s enough, who needs to smell a beau – ... a raree show?’ [Ammonium sulphide and rotten eggs smell the same]
77 J. B. Reade Letter to Right Hon Benjamin Disraeli dated 10 June 1867 suggesting V. Blanchard’s method of making silver prints permanentby varnishing with collodion might also protect from pollution the Frescoes in Houses of Parliament Photographic Journal 15 June 1867 12 55 Photo Disraeli,B. ; Chancellor Exchequer ; Parliament Frescoes ; Blanchard, V. ; Collodion coating varnish ; Sulphide of Ammonia ; Written by Reade on behalf of Council of Photographic Society. suggesting V. Blanchard’s method of preserving silver prints from pollution by coating with collodion might be applicable to protection of Frescoes in Houses of Parliament
78.1 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. Chairman’s remarks on lens flare and his Solid Eyepiece in Astronomy at meeting of Photographic Society on 11 June 1867, during discussion after paper by J. H. Dallmeyer ‘On the cause of the central spot, or “Flare” in Photographic Lenses’ Photographic Journal 15 June 1867 12 55 Photo Flare ; ghost ; lenses ; solideyepiece ; Brewster, Sir David ; Astronomy Commented that he had solvedthe problem of lens ‘flare’ by designing his ‘solid eyepiece’ filled withwater between the lenses, exhibited at the Exhibition of 1851, see item 42
78.2 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. Chairman’s very brief announcement at Photographic Society meeting of 11 June 1867 of a forthcoming soirée, suggesting ‘contributions of their lady friends, many ... eminent in the photographic art’ Photographic Journal 15 June 1867 12 55–6 Photo Ladyfriends ; Women ; Photographic Society Soirée (1867) ; Exhibition Soiréeto be held in November: ‘He thought that they might invite the contributions of their lady friends, many of whom had rendered themselves very eminent in the photographic art.’
79 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. Chairman’s brief remarks at meetingof the Photographic Society of 10 December 1867 on the late Sir Frederick Pollock (President of the Society and Lord Chief Justice) and the truthfulness of photographic representation. Photographic Journal 17 Dec 1867 12(188) 147–8 Photo Pollock, Baron Frederick ; Lawyers and artists; Soirée ; Exhibition ; Photography The late president once said‘both lawyers and artists obtained their living by colouring the facts’.Now Gentlemen,said Reade,‘the great praise of photography is that itdoes not colour the fact; it gives a true and faithful,and accurate representation’
80 Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S. Chairman’s remarks at meetingof the Photographic Society of 10 December 1867 on (a) advances in Photography:discovery of the latent image (b) present attitude of public to Photography. Photographic Journal 17 Dec 1867 12 (188) 152 Photo Latent Image ; Talbot, W. H. F. ; Young, Thomas ; Smyth, W. H. ; Photography, greatest discovery; public attitude to photography in 1867 ‘the first most important step,that which converted photography from a baby to a man, was the discoveryof the latent image and its development. To Fox Talbot belonged the enduring honour of making this substantial advance in the art.’ See also Item 81
81a J. B. Reade Who discovered the Latent Image?: letter dated 31 January 1868 to editor of the British Journal of Photography British Journal of Photography 7 Febr 1868 15 60–61 Photo Latent Image ; Gallic Acid ; Talbot, W. H. F. ; Lea, M. Carey ; Ross, Andrew ; Solar Microscope; Photography ; Historiography Reade was responding to M. Carey Lea, regular BJP columnist in Philadelphia, who in BJP (24 Jan, p. 43) hadexpressed surprise at a report (Item 80) of Reade assigning to Talbot the discovery of the Latent Image. Provides a long quote from Item 58
81b   J. B. Reade’s letter ‘Who discovered the Latent Image?’, reprinted in The Photographic Journal, with an introductory comment by the editor Dr. H. Diamond Photographic Journal 16 March 1868 13 15–17 Photo Diamond,Dr. Hugh ; Talbot v. Laroche ; Latent Image ; Gallic Acid ; Talbot, W. H. F. ; Lea, M. Carey ; Ross, Andrew ; Solar Microscope ; Photography; Historiography PJ editors (Dr. Diamond & J. Spiller) introduce theletter with ‘Dr Diamond would have confirmed Mr. Reade’s ... use of gallic acid, had his summons to be a witness in ... Talbot v. Laroche been followed by his being called into the witness box’
82 Rev. J. B. Reade On the Separation of the Rays of Heat from the Rays of Light in Solar and Oxyhydrogen Gas Microscopes British Journal of Photography Almanac for 1868     1868   85–86 Photo Solar microscope; Calorific rays ; heat ; Melloni, M. ; Aldous, Lens ; Diamond, Dr.H. ; Flea ; Condenser lens [mentioned by J. J. Woodward 1871] Recalls early work (Item 2). When George Shadbolt, the editor of the BJP wrote an obituary of Reade in December 1870 he recalled how he had suggested to Reade towrite this reminiscence of his early work, reprinting it with obituary (BJP, 16 Dec 1870, pp. 588–90).
83.1 Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. Chairman’s remarks at the Photographic Society meeting of 10 March 1868: (a) in appreciation of the late Sir David Brewster and his ideas on the value of photography and education in Science. Photographic Journal 16 March 1868 13 2–3 Photo Brewster, Sir David ; Photography; Education ; Science These remarks (but not the text Brewster’s address) also reported in British Journal of Photography, 13 March, Vol. 15, p. 127
83.2   Chairman’s remarks at the Photographic Society meeting of 10 March 1868: (b) Society needs more amateurs, and members to receive presentation prints (including one in memoriam of A. Claudet taken by topaz lens) Photographic Journal 16 March 1868 13 10 Photo Amateurs ; members ; Photographic Society ; Presentation Prints ; Claudet, A. ; topaz lens ; Robinson, H. P. ; England, W.  
84 Rev. J. B. Reade Chairman’s short comment at 11 March 1868 meeting of the Royal Microscopical Society, relating to inaccuracies in someauthors’ papers on algae colouring of the Red Sea. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science     1868 8 116–7 Gen Red Sea ; scientific papers inaccurate Alluded to value of a paper read at meeting as a record of personal and accurate observations of the author, but ‘Some who have written largely on the subject are indebted entirely to the observations of others ... cemented with ... imagination paste’.
85 Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S. On the Coffee Process, &c.[Tannates and Ammonia]’  British Journal of Photography 18 September 1868 15 444–5 Chem Tannin; Ammonia ; Gallic Acid ; Methylated Spirit ; Hops ; Beer ; Tobacco ; Band of Hope ; Liebig, J. ; Aldous, Lens ; Millar, Dr. John; Photography; Chemistry Letter dated 4 September, with a P. S. of 10 September 1868
86 J. B. R. Obituary of Antoine François Jean Claudet (1797–1867) Proceedings of the Royal Society     1868–69 17 l,v–vii Photo Claudet, A.; Obituary Vol 17 (18 June 1868 to 17 June 1869)
87 Rev. J. B. Reade Remarks at the Photographic Society meeting of 8 December 1868, on previous use of a yellow glass filter to control exposure when obtaining photographs of Sun through large telescope at Wandsworth Photographic Journal 11 Dec 1868 13 187 Photo Yellow filter ; Telescope; Craig ; Wandsworth ; collodionised plates A slightly different version in the third person of these remarks also appeared in report of the meeting in British Journal of Photography, 11 December 1868, Vol. 15. p. 594
88 J. B. Reade/ George Shadbolt Account by editor of J. B. Reade’smethod of preparing Ammonio–Iodates for iodising Collodion plates and ammonio–periodate of Gold for gold toning of prints British Journal of Photography Almanac for 1869     1869   41–43 Chem Photography ; Collodion plates; iodisation ; gold toning ; British Association  Account begins: ‘In the beginning of last summer, the Rev. J. B. Reade, FRS and I were conversing upon the influences that special Iodides and bromides excercise over collodion. He told me...’
89 Rev. J. B. Reade Chairman’s brief remarks on artists and Combination Printing, at meeting of Photographic Society on 12 January 1869 after a paper by N. K. Cherrill on the subject Photographic Journal     1869 13 208 Photo Combination printing ; Artists ; Cherrill, N. K. ; Robinson, H. P ; Rejlander, O. G.   
90.1 Rev. J. B. Reade Remarks as President and chairman of meeting of 10 March 1869 of the Royal Microscopical Society, setting out the differences, as found by Sir David Brewster, between the Crystalline Lens of Fish and of Animals Monthly Microscopical Journal (Royal Microscopical Society) 1 April 1869 1 255 Micro Brewster, Sir David ; Eye; Crystalline lens fibres ; Gulliver, Professor ; Polarized light Reade became President of the RMS at the AGM of 10 February 1869 (MMJ, Vol 1, pp. 153–4, 193). As President and chairman of the monthly meetings held in March, April and May 1869 he commented on subjects relating to the papers read
90.2 Rev. J. B. Reade Remarks as the President and Chairman of the meeting of 14 April 1869 of the Royal Microscopical Society recalling commentabout Bishop Berkeley’s theory of matter  Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 May 1869 1 318 Gen Beale, Dr. Lionel ; Berkeley, Bishop ; Milner, Dr. ; fortuitous concourse; theory living matter Dr. Beale thought there was no such thing as ‘fortuitous concourse of elements making living forms’, which reminded Reade of Dr. Milner refuting Bishop Berkeley’s theory of matter, ‘It contradicts commonsense, and there must be great nonsense somewhere’
90.3 Rev. J. B. Reade Remarks as the President and Chairman of the meeting of 12 May 1869 of the Royal Microscopical Society describing his method of microscopic examination of tubes or pseudo–tracheæ in the proboscis of Blow Fly Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 June 1869 1 373–4 Micro BlowFly ; Proboscis ; pseudo–tracheæ ; tubes ; Lowne, Mr. ; Millar, Dr. John ; Bowerbank  First recalling observations of tubes in proboscis of blood–sucking flies shown to meeting in 1837, then described his recent similar examinations
91 Rev. J. B. Reade Addition to the ‘Kettledrum’ double hemisphericalcondenser Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 June 1869 1 374–5 Micro Double Kettledrum ; third lens ; Microscope ; Condenser ; oblique dark–ground illumination ; apertures ; tin–foil ; diaphragm ; Millar, Dr. John ThePresident [JBR] then said that at Mr Lee’s request he would describe a small but effective addition he had just made to the Kettledrum or double hemispherical condensor...’. See also items 57, 73 and 100
92a Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S., President of the Royal Microscopical Society  On the Diatom Prism, and the True Form of Diatom Markings Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 July 1869 2 5–11 Micro Diatomaceae ; Microscope oblique dark–ground Illumination ; Condenser ; Equilateral Prism ; Kettledrum ; Berkeley ; Ross ; Waterhouse, J. ; Wallich, G. C. ; Wenham F. ; Paper read at RMS 9 June 1869. Reade was unable to take part in the short discussion at the meeting which was one reason why he wrote the following Postscript giving information on the additional work he had done during six weeks after the reading
92b Rev. J. B. Reade, M.A., F.R.S., President of the Royal Microscopical Society On the Microscope Prism, and the Structure of the Podura Scale; being a Postscript to the Paper ‘On the Diatom Prism and Diatom Markings...’ Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 August 1869 2 79–84 Micro Diatomaceæ; Microscope oblique dark–ground Illumination ; Condenser ; EquilateralPrism ; Ross ; Beck ; Wenham F. ; Pritchard, C. Polarized light Undated communication but has a P.S. of July 21. Reade’s system of oblique illuninationusing a prism was quickly featured in Student & Intell. Observer, Aug. 1869, by a 24 pp. pamphlet by S. Highley, and later by F. W. Griffin in MMJ, January 1871/[continue below]
92c J. B. Reade Short letter to Samuel Highley dated May 22nd and May 28th, 1869; published in Samuel Highley, ‘On an important discovery in Microscopic Illumination’ The Illustrated Photographer 25 June 1869 2 301 Micro Highley, Samuel ; Prism ; Diatomaceæ ; Microscope oblique dark–ground Illumination; Condenser [continued from above] reprinted in Reade’s Prism for Microscope Illumination, by S. Highley (1869), p. 6. Mentions only that he had just hit on a different mode of illumination. It is in Highley’s text that explains this illumination is obtained with a sub–stage Prism
93 J. B. Reade Account of Two Meteors seen at Bishopsbourne, in aletter [dated October 20, 1869] to J. Glaisher, F. R. S.’ Proceedings of the Meteorological Society   Nov 1869 5 21–22 Astron Meteors; Reade, Miss (niece of JBR) Describes a most splendid meteor seen from his Rectory at Bishopsbourne, Kent, on 1 October 1869, as well asanother of 11 October which had been previously reported as close to Sheffield in The Standard of 16 October 1869
            J. B. Reade,  October to December 1869:  four autograph letters to George C. Wallich, see items 108.1 – 108.4
94 Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S., President, in the chair  As President and chairman of Royal Microscopical Society meeting of 13 October 1869, very brief remarks (after a paper ‘Plants of the Coal–measures’ by Carruthers) on his own early experiments of microincineration of plants Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 Nov 1869 2 282 Micro micro–incineration ; carbonization; siliceous residue ; cereal plants ; Carruthers, Mr As President, Reade was chairman of the monthly meetings of the Royal Microscopical Society, and commented on the subject of papers read in Oct. Nov. and Dec. 1869
95a Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S., President, in the chair  Remarks on the nature of the ‘Podura’ scale, made as President and chairman of meetings of the Royal Microscopical Society held on 13 October, [10 Nov., 8 Dec. 1869, and 11 May 1870] Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 Nov 1869 2 281 Micro Podura; Beads ; Lepidocyrtus curvicollis ; Pigott, Dr G. W. Royston ; Wenham, F. H. ; dark–ground illumination ; immersion lens ; Ross ; microscope ‘Podura’ (Lepidocyrtus curvicollis) scales used as a test of microscope resolution, were much discussed at this period at the RMS in relation to a paper communicated in October 1869 by Dr. G. W. Royston Pigott, see MMJ., Vol. 2, 295–305 and Vol 3, 13–14
95b   Remarks on the nature of the ‘Podura’ scale, made as President and chairman of meeting of the Royal Microscopical Society held on 10 November1869 Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 Dec 1869 2 333–4 Micro   Pigott used a water–immersion lens, a point well discussed by F. H. Wenham ‘Remarks on High–Power definition’, MMJ, 1 June 1870, Vol. 3, pp. 300–5. On p. 300 Wenham comments about the ‘bead’ structure of the Podura‘from the partial acquiescence [continue below]
95c   Remarks on the nature of the ‘Podura’ scale, made as President and chairman of meeting of the Royal Microscopical Society held on 8 December 1869 Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 Jan 1870 3 52–53 Micro   [continued from above] conceded by our respected President [Reade], I infer that this structure finds credence amongst a number who interest themselves in such investigations ...’. [See also JBR’s conclusions in his Presidential Address (Item 96), pp. 124–5 and in Item 100]
95d   Remarks on the nature of the ‘Podura’ scale, made as President and chairman of meeting of the Royal Microscopical Society held on 11 May 1870 Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 June 1870 3 325–6 Micro   A letter (p324) was read from J. J. Woodward, Washington, regarding Pigott’s papers on the Podura Scale, says that the fact the Dr. Pigott ‘appears to have convinced so distinguished a microscopist as the Rev J. B. Reade, makes me inclined to caution...’
96 Rev J. B. Reade The President’s Address (Delivered before the Royal Microscopical Society, February 9, 1870.) Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 March 1870 3 113– 133 Micro Royal Microscopical Society of London (history of) ; Bowerbank, J. S. ; Quekett, E. J. ; Royal Society ; Philosophical Transactions ; Burlington House ; Journals (RMS) ; Chicago ; Owen, R. ; Aldous, Lens ; Tooth ; Immersion lens ; Podura ; Pigott ;  This Address does review the activities of the past year (pp. 119–29), but as Reade was a founder member of the original society in 1839 it does (on pp. 113–7, 129–32) have more of a historical character of very considerable influence on later historians.
97a J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 17 February 1870 to Dr. Sharpey, Secretary of The Royal Society, concerning presentation to the Royal Microscopical Society of his set of Philosophical Transactions Royal Society. Miscellaneous Correspondence MC 9.34 17 Febr 1870     MSS Royal Microscopical Society ; Royal Society ; Philosophical Transactions ; Journals; Sharpey, Dr  Has presented his set of Philosophical Transactions to the Royal Microscopical Society [see his Presidential Address to RMS,(Item 96]. Complete from 1665 except for ten parts, so can the Royal Society see their way to making up this deficiency?
97b J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 28 February 1870 to Dr. Sharpey, Secretary of The Royal Society, thanking the Royal Society for complying with his request for providing missing parts of Philosophical Transactions Royal Society. Miscellaneous Correspondence MC 9.42 28 Febr 1870     MSS Royal Microscopical Society ; Royal Society ; Philosophical Transactions ; Journals; Sharpey, Dr  According to the RMS’s Monthly Microscopical Journal, January to June 1870, Vol. 3, pp. 167, 211 and 215, The Royal Society donated to the RMS five volumes of the Philosophical Transactions of the years 1813, 1836, 1837, 1838 and 1843.
98 J. B. R. Mulgrave Old Castle, verse of eight lines by J. B. R Photographic Journal 15 March 1870 15 2 Gen Poem ; Whitby ; Mulgrave OldCastle ; Le burns After inspecting photographic views of Whitby by J. Waller exhibited at the 8 March 1870 meeting of the Photographic Society, Reade asked the editor to insert these lines of verse by himself into the Photographic Journal
99a Rev J. B. Reade Remarks on the laws of light relating to his belief that photographs in colour were not impossible, as contribution to discussion at meeting of the Photographic Society held on 8 March 1870 Photographic Journal 15 March 1870 15 5 Photo Colour ; photographs ; not impossible; Glaisher, J. When chairman (J. Glaisher) said the laws of light would have to be changed before it would be possible to obtain photographs in colour, Reade countered that he did not find the word ‘impossible’ in his vocabulary. Recalled his experiments in 1862 (Item 64).
99b   A slightly different report in British Journal of Photography of Reade’s remarks that photographs in colour were not impossible, at meeting of the Photographic Society held on 8 March 1870 British Journal of Photography 11 March 1870 17 115 Photo Colour ; photographs; not impossible ; Glaisher, J. ; editorial The British Journal of Photography provided a differently worded report of the 8 March meeting of the Photographic Society, and also Reade’s remark about Colour photographs not being impossible was considered in an editorial on pp. 108–9
100 Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S., P.R.M.S.  Microscopic Test Objects under parallel light and corrected powers Popular Science Review     1870 9 138– 148 Micro Kettledrum; Achromatic Condenser ; Dujardin ; Equilateral Prism ; Podura ; Lepidocyrtus curvicollis ; Pigott, Dr G. W. Royston ; Diatom ; Pleurosigma ; Polarised light ; microscope  This article can be considered Reverend Reade’s last hymn to the microscope, more especially to the condenser, the illuminating apparatus, so long of central interest to him. Plate 58 was by Dr. Pigott who supplied a long description on pp. 149–50
101 Rev J. B. Reade ‘Croydon Microscopic [sic] Club’ [Report of Reade’s talk to first meeting of the Croydon Microscopical Club on the advantages which the microscope might confer on every cultivator of the soil] The Lancet 23 April 1870   605 Micro Croydon Microscopical Club ; Turnip; Dung Heap ; Manure ; Ammonia ; Microscope ; Asylum (at Stone) ; Millar, Dr. J. ; Lee, H. This talk, seemingly aimed at the members of the Croydon Farmers Club in the audience, was reprinted in MMJ, 1870, Vol. 3, pp. 255–6, and slightly different version in [First Report of the] Proceedings of the Croydon Microscopical Club, 1871, pp. 12–14
102 Rev J. B. Reade Remarks on resolving Norbert’s Test plate rulings and high power definition, made as President and chairman of meetings of the Royal Microscopical Society held on 11 May 1870 Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 June 1870 3 327 Micro President’s Address ; Norbert, F. A. ; Test bands lines ruling ; Stodder, C. ; Woodward, J. J. ; Microscope definition resolution ; immersion lens ; Navicula acus  Because of a letter from Charles Stodder of Boston, Reade was correcting a comment made in his Presidential Address (see Item 96) that Dr J. J. Woodward was the only observer who had resolved Norbert’s 19th band of 112,688 lines to the inch. For Stodder in QJMS July 1868 had said the band was visible with an immersion lens. After mentioning that Woodward had “thrown some doubt as to the lines seen but not counted by Stodder”, Reade added the real point was such observations provided “a strong fact in favour of the immersion system”.
103 Rev J. B. Reade Brief remarks on high power objectives used on Stephenson’s Binocular microscope, made as President and chairman of meeting of the Royal Microscopical Society held on 8 June 1870 Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 July 1870 4 56 Micro Stephenson’s Binocular Microscope  
104 The late Rev. J. B. Reade, F.R.S., P.R.M.S. Note on Fluorescence v. Pseudo–Dichroism Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 Jan 1871 5 1–2 Micro Sheppard, R. B. ; Cohn, F. ; Phycocyan ; Algae ; Fluorescence ; Pseudo–Dichroism; Light ; Water–colours Transparent Opaque ; Indigo ; Vermilion Letter dated 7 November 1870 at Bishopsbourne Rectory, read at Royal Microscopical Society meeting of 9 November 1870 on experiment with mixture of opaque vermilion in transparent indigo water–colour simulating colour phenomena of Phycocyan algæ. See Item 74 and comments appended to the listing of that item in this bibliography
105 J. B. Reade Letter to T. Charters White, dated at Bishopsbourne Rectory 19 November 1870, commenting on pseudo–dichroism with regard to White’s specimen of pond water [from the Round Pond, Kensington Gardens] Monthly Microscopical Journal 1 Febr 1871 5 54 Micro Sheppard, R.B. ; White, T. Charters ; Phycocyan ; Albumen ; Pseudo–Dichroism ; Opaque ; Transparent ; Algæ ;  Reade’s letter also says White should send a note to the MMJ. Indeed it accompanies White’s ‘The Development of Phycocyan’, read at RMS on 11 Jan 1871 (MMJ Vol. 5, 53–4). Final comment, ‘I am so weak that a friend writes for me’: he died 23 days later
106 Joseph Bancroft Reade Last Will and Testament, dated 6 October1870 Principal Registry of the Family Division (Probate) of the High Court of Justice, London: Will 127/1871 6 October 1870     MSS Will; Probate ; Executors ; Millar, John ; Fawcett, William Milner ; Reade, Charlotte Dorothy ; Brothers ; Reade, George ; Reade, Thomas ; Curate; Swanton, J. Clerke ; Perkins, J. ; Bishopsbourne Executors John Millar and William Milner Fawcett. Probate proved at London 7 February 1871. In the Calendar of Grants of Probate, Principal Registry, London, the entry for Will 127/1871 states ‘Effects under £800. Resworn June 1886 under £2,000’
         Items 107-110. Reserved for any writings of J. B. Reade found after Part 1 of this bibliography was compiled in the 1970s.
107 J. B. Reade Seven Autograph letters dated 1868 to 1870 to Jabez Hogg (Secretary of Royal Microscopical Society). Brotherton Library, University of Leeds. MSS: BC Misc. Letters 2 Reade     1868-70   ff.14 MSS Royal Microscopical Society ; Hogg, Jabez ; Reade's last days Through February 1868 to November 1870 these letters were written to Jabez Hogg (1817-1899), Secretary of the Royal Microscopical Society. The four letters of 1870 were written by Reade in the last three painful months of his life - he was indeed still mindful of his official capacity of President of the RMS, but they are very personal and moving letters.
108.1 J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 8 October 1869 at Bishopsbourne to George C. Wallich, asking him not to resign from RMS. Natural History Museum, London. Scientific Correspondence of G. C. Wallich: Ref. L MSS WAL C/1 8 October 1869   2 MSS Royal Microscopical Society ; Wallich, G. C. ; Millar, John ; Equilateral Prism ; Bishopsbourne Through October to December 1869 these four letters were written to George C. Wallich (1815-1899) by Reade in his position as President of the Royal Microscopical Society.
108.2 J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 14 October 1869 at Bethnal House to George C. Wallich, reassuring him that RMS Council value his work. Natural History Museum, London. Scientific Correspondence of G. C. Wallich: Ref. L MSS WAL C/1 14 October 1869   2 MSS Royal Microscopical Society ; Wallich, G. C. ; Bethnal House Reade wrote on 14 October 1869, "I see very clearly that you have been robbed of your fair fame & your early & valued labours have by some been most unjustly ignored". Reade tried to console Wallich in these letters
108.3 J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 27 November 1869 at Bishopsbourne to George C. Wallich, regretting Wallich's research was neglected in a Times report of a paper by Dr. W. B. Carpenter Natural History Museum, London. Scientific Correspondence of G. C. Wallich: Ref. L MSS WAL C/1 27 Nov 1869   4 MSS Royal Microscopical Society ; G. C. Wallich ; Carpenter, Dr. W. B. ; The Times ; Royal Society ; Millar, John ; Bethnal House Wallich had been naturalist on HM Bulldog surveying the north Atlantic in 1860. He was particularly hurt that his discovery and ideas about organisms on the deep sea bed were being ignored in current writings by Dr. Carpenter.
108.4 J. B. Reade Autograph letter dated 16 December 1869 at Bishopsbourne to George C. Wallich, trying to heal Wallich's hurt feelings on perceived injustice from Dr. Carpenter Natural History Museum, London. Scientific Correspondence of G. C. Wallich: Ref. L MSS WAL C/1 16 Dec 1869   4 MSS Royal Microscopical Society ; G. C. Wallich ; Carpenter, Dr. W. B. ; The Times ; Royal Society ; Hogg, Jabez ; Jones, Rymer ; These four letters were amongst a collection purchased in 1985 from a Wallich descendant by the Natural History Museum, London: Scientific Correspondence of G. C. Wallich, Ref. L MSS WAL C/1
109 Revd J. B. Reade Observations on the Aurora Borealis of 24 October [1847] Bucks Herald (Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire) 30 October 1847     Astron Astronomy ; Aurora Borealis  
110          reserved                  

 

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